diseases in the United States. The death rate from drug over▓dose more than doubled from 6.0 per 100,000 population in 1999 to▓ 13.8 in 2013. More than 47,000 people died from drug overdoses in 2014, an increas

e ▓of

from 2013. Heroin poses the biggest issue among all forms of drug overdose. In 2013, deaths from heroin-rel▓ated overdose exceeded 8,200, nearl▓y quadrupling that of 2002. In 2014, the▓ number surged to 10,574.


of young people and females took heroin. Compared with figures in the period from 2▓002 to 2004, the number of young heroin addicts aged between 18 and 25 in 2011-2013 period increased by 109 percent, while 


est him. Witnes▓ses said that Clark was handcuffed when he was shot in the head. The civil rights organizat▓ion "Black Lives Matter" organized protests ▓in multiple cities across the country. I▓n a Facebook post, Black Lives Matter a▓ctivists noted "the era of white supremac▓ist terrorism against people of color across the U.S.," (www.theatlantic.com, November 18, ▓2015; www.mprnews.org, November 20, 2015; www.huff▓ingtonpost.com, November 24, 2015) On April 12, 2015, as 25-year-old African-American Freddie Gray was being arrested,▓ police handcuffed him and had▓ knees on his back and his head. Gray w▓as dragged and thrown into the back of a police van with his face down. Gray requested ▓medical attention while bei

e user

s doubled (www.cdc.gov, October 16, December 29, 2015; www.usnews.co▓m, Dec


. Racial Discrimin▓ation Worse Than EverIn 2015, racial relations in the United States kept deteriorating. Law enforcement and justice fields ▓were heavily influenced by racial dis▓crimination, and race-based ha

te cri

occurred occasionally. Anti-Mus▓lim remarks caused a great clamor, and minority races were unable to change their vulnerab▓le status in economic and social lives.Americans' view of race relations wa▓s at a two-d

ecade low. A

jointly released by the CBS News and The New York Times on May 4, 2015 showed that 61 percent of▓ Americans characterized race relati▓ons in the United States as "bad," including a majority of white and black r


ng transported i▓n the van but the request was denied. Gray lapsed into a coma following the journey on April 12 and died a week later in a hospital. He d▓ied of a severe spinal cord injury▓. The incident sparked large-scale protests in ▓Baltimore. The protests turned violent on April 27, and Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan declared a state of emergency and activated the National Guard. It was the second time in six months that a state called out the National Guard to enforce order after a white police officer killed a black teenager, Michael Brown, in Ferguson in 2014. The New York Times said that Gray▓ had become the nation's latest symbol of p▓olice brutality in an April 28 story. (edition.cnn.com, April 29, 2


. The figure was the highest since 1992 (newyork.cbslocal.com, May 4, 2015).

A Wal

ember 16, 2015). A survey released in November 2015 by the Public Re▓ligion Research Institute in the United States showed that 35 percent of Americans believed racial tens▓ions were a major concern in their ow

n commun▓it
ies, j

umping 18 percentage points from 2012 (p▓ublicreligion.org, November 17, 2015). Figure▓s released in August 2015 by Pew Research Center showed that 50 percent of Amer▓icans said that racism was a big problem in t

he U.

015; www.bbc▓.com, May 5, 2015; baltimore.cbslocal.com, April 27, 2015; www.nytimes.com, April 27 and 28, 2015) According to The Washington Po▓st website, police fatally shot 965 people in 2▓015 as of December 24, 2015, including 36 unarmed African-Americans (www.washin▓gtonpost.com, December 24, 2015). The CBS News-New York Times poll released on May 4, 2015 showed that 79 percent of African-Americans believed police were m▓ore likely to use deadly force against a black▓ person than against a white per▓son, and black respondents were more likely than white respondents to believe their local police made them feel anxious rather than safe (newyork.cbslocal.com, May 4, 2015). Acco▓rding to a poll released by the

S. soc

iety; 60 percent Americans said the country needed to continue making change

s to a